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By Mark Borkowski

A client recently asked about ways to safeguard her business’s future. She’s in business with two partners, and although everything is going great right now, they want to make sure it stays that way if one of them wants to leave the business or can no longer participate – maybe because of illness, or if they pass away. These owners are putting their lives into this business and they want to have a plan, rather than just hoping for the best when the worst happens.

I recommended that we look at a buy/sell agreement for her and her business partners. Buy/sell agreements are advance plans that answer questions about what will happen if one owner leaves the business. They spell out how the business will continue, who will fill the departing owner’s role and who will own the former owner’s share of the company.

To find out more about how these agreements protect business owners’ hard work, I talked with Jennifer Black of Dedicated Financial Solutions in Mississauga. Jennifer believes it’s critical for business owners to know what their options are if one of them passes away or leaves the company and to have an agreement in place before the need arises.

“A buy/sell agreement formalizes – in advance – the decisions of the owners about the best course of action if one of them leaves the business. It covers what happens with business ownership if an owner dies, retires or leaves the business for any other reason. Planning is the best way to overcome uncertainty about the loss of a business owner,” Black says. “By planning for various possibilities in advance, the partners have the opportunity to agree on what they will do if the situation arises.”

Essentially, the remaining owners have four choices:

– Wrap up the business,
– Allow the heirs or beneficiary, if the former owner has died, to take over the owner’s role in the business,
– Sell their own interests in the business, or
– Buy the former owner’s shares, either from the owner or their estate.

In terms of what to include in an agreement, Black says that it depends on the circumstances, “but I generally advise that most businesses include

– The circumstances or events that may trigger a buy/sell transaction,
– The timing and terms of the transaction,
– The process the owners will use to value the business and its shares,
– Who will buy the former owner’s shares and at what price, and
– Where the money will come from to pay for the shares.”

I asked Black about the best way to ensure the remaining owners will be able to afford to buy out the departing owner, if that’s the plan.

“I usually recommend that business owners have insurance to cover the cost of buying the former owner’s shares, if that’s the plan. It’s critical to have that funding for the share purchase in place – without it, the remaining owners may not be able to afford to buy the shares or they may have to compromise the business’s finances to do so. Owners can try to set money aside or they may be able to borrow the funds or sell some assets, but the most secure way to ensure they can fund any buy/sell obligations is to buy life and/or disability insurance to cover it. Insurance is the most affordable way to guarantee the money will be there if needed.”

We talked about who would own the policy, and again, it really depends on the business’s circumstances, so owners thinking about developing a buy/sell agreement should talk with their various business advisors, Black recommends. But it usually makes the most sense for the company to own the insurance policy (and pay the premiums) or for individual shareholders to own policies on each other. They also need to remember to plan for the business’s growth too – there are insurance products that provide coverage that grows with the business for protection now and in the future.

Formalizing ownership transition decisions with the other owners through a buy/sell agreement really is one of the best ways owners can secure some peace of mind about what will happen to the business they have built if they are no longer part of it.

Jennifer Black, BSEd, FMA, CFP, FCSI, CIM, is a Senior Financial Advisor and Certified Financial Planner at Dedicated Financial Solutions in Mississauga. She is co-author of Managing Alone: Your Trusted Advisors’ Guide to Surviving the Death of Your Spouse and a member of the Mandeville Private Client Advisory Council.

Mark Borkowski is president of Toronto based Mercantile Mergers & Acquisitions Corp. Mercantile specializes in the sale of mid-market companies sold to strategic buyers or private equity firms. He can be contacted in confidence at or (416) 368-8466 ext. 232 or

photo credit: Michal Jarmoluk via pixabay

Disclaimer: The views expressed herein are those of the authors; they do not necessarily reflect the views of Private Capital Journal and CPE Media & Data Company.